Seasonal Variation of Groundwater Quality in and Around Laharpur Reservoir Bhopal | Original Article
Water being a universal solvent has been and is being utilized by mankind time and now. Of the total amount of global water, only 2.4% is distributed on the main land, of which only a small portion can be utilized as fresh water. The available fresh water to man is hardly 0.3-0.5% of the total water available on the earth and therefore, its judicious use is imperative. Variations in availability of water in time, quantity and quality can cause significant fluctuations in the economy of a country the definition of water quality is very much depending on the desired use of water. Therefore, different uses require different criteria of water quality as well as standard methods for reporting and comparing results of water analysis. Groundwater is one of earth’s most vital renewable and widely distributed resources as well as an important source of water supply throughout the world. The quality of water is a vital concern for mankind since it is directly linked with human welfare. Groundwater can become contaminated naturally or because of numerous types of human activities; residential, municipal, commercial, industrial, and agricultural activities can all affect groundwater quality Bhopal, the capital city of M.P. has an area of 284.9 km2 and a population of over 14 lacs. Bhopal has a number of lentic water bodies and Laharpur reservoir is one of them. The Bagmugaliya residential area of Bhopal is situated near the Laharpur reservoir. This is a fast growing residential colony with densely populated human settlements. Every day new settlements in the form of new colonies are developing in the area. The Laharpur reservoir that is situated in the vicinity of the area receives wastewater from almost entire new Bhopal. . This study is an attempt to find out the pollution and to assess the pollution load caused in the groundwater of the area due to the stagnation of sewage in its close proximity.